Plumbing and Drainage Information
The basics of plumbing and drainage, the associated fittings and fixtures and the reasoning behind plumbing systems will be explained on this page.
Plumbing and Drainage Definitions
Plumbing and Drainage – are the systems of getting water into the building, then removing it and other fluids and fluid wastes after it has been used.
Plumbing – incorporates services such as sanitary plumbing, cold and hot water services, flusherette systems, gas supplies, fire prevention services, roof work, downpipes and the installation of sanitary fixtures, taps and outlets.
Drainage – is the commonly used term referring to underground systems such as sewer pipelines, stormwater systems and the subsoil drainage systems. I.e. the outdoor water and fluid removal services.
A Sanitary Plumbing System – refers to the pipes, fittings, fixtures and appliances used to collect and convey sewerage to a sanitary drainage system. I.e. the indoor water and fluid removal services.
Water Supply Plumbing- is the supply of the water to the building and how it is distributed around the building.
A Sanitary Drainage System – refers to the pipes, fittings, fixtures and appliances used to collect and convey sewerage from the sanitary plumbing system and fixtures directly connected via the drain to the sewer. This system is usually below ground level.
Sewer – is the actual exterior pipeline carrying the sewerage. Sewage means wastewater and human waste.
Sewerage System – refers to the total system of a town.
Effluent- can be referred to as sewerage but more correctly means the liquid discharge from the outlet of a septic tank or sewerage treatment plant.